Tuesday, May 29, 2007

Paternal age and Congenital Malformations increase with age of father

1: Hum Reprod. 2005 Nov;20(11):3173-7. Epub 2005 Jul 8. Links
Paternal age and congenital malformations.Zhu JL, Madsen KM, Vestergaard M, Olesen AV, Basso O, Olsen J.
The Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, University of Aarhus, Denmark.

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous mutations in germ cells increase with male age, but an association between paternal age and congenital malformations is not well established. We conducted a population-based cohort study to estimate this association. METHODS: A study population of couples and their firstborn children were identified in the Danish Fertility Database between 1980 and 1996 (n = 71937). Diagnoses of congenital malformations in children were obtained by linkage to the nationwide hospital register (1980-1999). RESULTS: Overall, there were no differences in the prevalence of malformations as a function of paternal age. However, the prevalence of malformations of extremities and syndromes of multiple systems, as well as Down's syndrome, increased with increasing paternal age. For example, in comparison with fathers age 20-29 years, adjusted hazard ratio of syndromes of multiple systems was 1.15 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.81-1.65] for age 35-39 years, 1.33 (95% CI 0.79-2.25) for age 40-44 years, 1.73 (95% CI 0.82-3.65) for age 45-49 years, and 3.20 (95% CI 1.37-7.48) for age > or = 50 years (test for trend P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that advanced paternal age may be associated with an excess occurrence of some specific malformations. The association could be caused by mutations of the gametes in men induced by biological or environmental factors



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